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The Education System in China


China is a country undergoing many changes on several levels, not least out of an economical perspective, where the prefix “level” is becoming more and more blurry. About 30 years ago China took its first steps towards a more occidental economy: private possession being allowed, foreign trade was demonopolised and foreign currency started entering the country on a larger scale.

Since then a lot has happened with the economy of China – and the country on a big scale. In 2001 China became members of the WTO (World Trade Organization), which meant recognition from the EU as well as the USA and consequently led to a wider view and access to the Chinese market.

At the same time as more and more Chinese people are starting to study abroad, the interest of being part of this market, one of the worlds largest, is increasing immensely. For those who really want to understand and be a part of China and its development, now comes the opportunity to study firsthanded. Immigration abroad is something totally unique for foreigners who want to get to know China and its people, traditions and market.

The Education System in China

The education system in China is somewhat different than we are used to in the western world and we will in this article guide you through the various steps that is the Chinese school.

Every Chinese has a nine year long compulsory education which consists of six years in Junior school and three years in Middle school. After you’ve completed these levels you have the possibility to attend High school or, alternatively, an occupational training. A good score on a national entrance exam is required if one wishes to go on with higher learning’s. The better results, the better are the possibilities to get accepted at a prestigious university.

Higher learning’s

Degree of Bachelor

The Degree of Bachelor stretches over a period of five to six years. More than half of the studies consist of mandatory courses even though the students of today, compared to 10-20 years ago, have greater possibilities to themselves combine courses to create their own education. Combinations of English, economics and technology are for example very popular. You can still though sense a touch of the “old China” as many students take part in ideological courses which are meant to create a national identity.

Second Bachelor

Post finishing their Bachelor studies, the students have the possibility to deepen themselves by taking a new course related to their first Degree of Bachelor. These studies usually last for two years.

Degree of Master

Students can also deepen their Degree of Bachelor and obtain a Masters. This is only possible at around 500 universities – put this is relation to the fact that China has a population of over 1 billion. The Degree of Master lasts between two and three years and mainly consists of composing and upholding an essay.

To get accepted to this education it takes that the student passes an English test as well as tests in politics and political science – this can vary a bit depending on the intentions of the student.

Education undergoing changes as well

Just as the economy of China is undergoing changes so is the education. Nowadays, there are more and more universities that are not directly governed by the Ministry of Education and universities themselves have a chance to steer the course content and teaching materials, etc.

Private educations are also allowed even though there are very few private institutions. On the whole, the Chinese education system is attempting to meet the needs of the labor market – which we know is constantly changing.

This article is provided by educationguide.cn. The site offer useful information and tips for Chinese people who wants to study abroad.


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