Chinese tea has made great contribution to the people’s health around the world. It is said that the ancestor of the tea is Shennong, the inventor of the agriculture and medicine. The Chinese tea has spread the world to improve people’s health, happiness as well as the physical and mental harmony. This adds the infinite charm for the concept of health and tea culture.
History of Chinese tea
China, the hometown of tea, was the first place to discover tea trees and the first place to utilize and cultivate tea trees in the world. The origin of the tea trees had no less than 60,000 or 70,000 years’ history. At first the tea was used as the offerings in the West Zhou and the used as vegetables in the Spring and Autumn period, in the Warring period it was used as medicine, the custom of drinking tea mainly began in the Han Dynasty, and became popular in Tang Dynasty. As one kind of beverage, tea spread to the minority areas of northwest China, and turned into a necessity of life. One saying can best describe the importance of the tea: The life will stagnate without the tea for one day, and people will be sick without the tea for three days.
Chinese tea has undergone a long history from its invention to its use. The reason it is so welcomed by people is not only it can be a beverage for people to drink, but also it can play an important role in health protection and treatment. China is the provenance of the tea, and China’s contribution mainly lies in the discovery of the tea and form a unique tea culture for the east and even the world.
Efficacy of the tea
Tea can build up your body and has the drug efficacy, also it can cultivate the mind. Testing tea and entertaining guests are the elegant entertainment and social activities of the Chinese people, sitting in the teahouse and take part in the tea party is the activities of Chinese social groups. The Chinese Sado is prestigious in the world, and it introduced to Japan in the Tang Dynasty, later on it had developed into Japanese Sado.
If you use the same leaves with the different quality of water or different tea set, the taste of tea will be different. In order to make good tea, you should know the characteristics of different types of leaves and master the technology of brewing tea.
Types of Tea
Chinese tea can be divided into several categories according to its production methods, such as green tea, black tea, oolong tea, jasmine tea, etc.
Green tea is the tea which has not been fermented, its color is light green or bring green. The most well-known types of green teas are West Lake Longjing tea, Jiangsu Biluochun tea and Maofeng tea produced in Anhui. The natural nutrients in green tea, has a special effect on anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-cancer, sterilization, and anti-inflammatory. Green tea is the most productive tea in China, and also is the most widely used tea with the characteristics of eutrophy and can prevent the illness.
Black tea is the tea which has been fermented, the color of the tea is brown. Black tea is very antibacterial and you can gargle with the black tea to prevent tooth decay as well as the food poisoning, it can also lower the blood glucose levels and hypertension.
Oolong tea is a semi-fermented tea, the leaves are very loose and big, and its color is golden. The best oolong tea is produced in the Wuyi Mountain in Fujian. The pharmacological effects of oolong tea lie in breaking down fats and losing weight.
Scented tea is a special tea only in China, during its making process, fragrant flowers are added into the tea which can make the tea a unique flavor. The most famous scented tea is the jasmine tea produced in Fujian.
Top Ten Chinese Teas
Longjing (Dragon Well): Produced at Longjing village near the West Lake, Hangzhou, Zhejiang.
Biluochun: Produced at Wu County, Jiangsu.
Huangshanmaofeng: Produced at Mt. Huangshan in Anhui.
Junshan Silver Needle: Produced at Qingluo Island on Dongting Lake.
Qimen Black Tea: Produced at Qimen County in Anhui.
Liuan Guapian: Produced at Liuan County in Henan.
Xinyang Maojian: Produced at Xinyang, Henan.
Duyun Maojian: Produced at Duyun Mountain, Guizhou.
Wuyi Rock Tea: Produced at Wuyi Mountain, Fujian.
Tieguanyin: Produced at Anxi County, Fujian.
Chinese Sado is a kind of living ritual form which has been considered as a way of self-cultivation. It is a harmonious ceremony to increase friendship and learn ritual laws through making tea, appreciating tea and drinking tea. Sado originated in China, before Tang Dynasty Chinese people firstly regarded Sado as a way of self-cultivation.
Chinese Sado is deeply rooted in the culture of China, with a strong ethnic characteristics, Chinese Sado not only pays attention to tea Arts, but also to the natural environment and interpersonal relationships. Chinese Sado takes ancient Chinese philosophy as the guiding ideology, and the traditional virtues of the nation as the pursuit of goals.
When holding the Sado, the tea set should be clean, and the water should be the spring or the snow on the plum blossom. Chinese Sado emphasis on moderate boiling water, and the tea set should be high quality, before you make tea, the teapots and tea cups should be warmed up firstly so that the aroma will be fully smelt.
Tea sets which include teapot and teacup, etc., are essential in the process of making tea, the quality of the tea sets can influence the quality of the tea. The earliest tea sets were made of gold, silver, jade and other materials. Since Tang Dynasty, due to the rise of ceramic, the tea sets were mostly replaced by copper and ceramic. For copper tea sets they are much cheaper than the golden ones, while the ceramic tea sets can preserve the aroma of the tea, both of the two sets are quite cheap and loved by the public.