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China Administrative Division System

 

China’s administrative units are currently based on a three-level system dividing the nation into provinces, counties, and townships: 

—The country is divided into provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government; 

—A province or an autonomous region is subdivided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties, and/or cities; 

—A county or an autonomous county is subdivided into townships, national minority townships, and/or towns. 

Municipalities directly under the Central Government and large cities are subdivided into districts and counties; autonomous prefectures are subdivided into counties, autonomous counties, and cities. Autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures, and autonomous counties are all autonomous national minority areas. 

The Constitution specifically empowers the state to establish special administrative regions when necessary. A special administrative region is a local administrative area directly under the Central Government.

At present, China was divided into 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities directly under the Central Government, and 2 special administrative region (see the following table

China's Provinces, Autonomous Regions, Centrally Administered

Municipalities and Special Administrative Regions

 

Name

 

Seat of Government

Area (100,000sqkm)

Population (100,000)

 

Beijing Municipality

 

Beijing

 

0.168

 

125.7

 

Tianjin Municipality

 

Tianjin

 

0.113

 

95.9

 

Hebei Province

 

Shijiazhuang

 

1.900

 

661.4

 

Shanxi Province

 

Taiyuan

 

1.560

 

320.4

 

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

 

Hohhot

 

11.830

 

236.2

 

Liaoning Province

 

Shenyang

 

1.457

 

417.1

 

Jilin Province

 

Changchun

 

1.870

 

265.8

 

Heilongjiang Province

 

Harbin

 

4.690

 

379.2

 

Shanghai Municipality

 

Shanghai

 

0.062

 

147.4

 

Jiangsu Province

 

Nanjing

 

1.026

 

721.3

 

Zhejiang Province

 

Hangzhou

 

1.018

 

447.5

 

Anhui Province

 

Hefei

 

1.390

 

623.7

 

Fujian Province

 

Fuzhou

 

1.200

 

331.6

 

Jiangxi Province

 

Nanchang

 

1.666

 

423.1

 

Shandong Province

 

Jinan

 

1.530

 

888.3

 

Henan Province

 

Zhengzhou

 

1.670

 

938.7

 

Hubei Province

 

Wuhan

 

1.874

 

593.8

 

Hunan Province

 

Changsha

 

2.100

 

653.2

 

Guangdong Province

 

Guangzhou

 

1.860

 

727.0

 

Guangxi Autonomous Region

 

Nanning

 

2.363

 

471.3

 

Hainan Province

 

Haikou

 

0.340

 

76.2

 

Chongqing Municipality

 

Chongqing

 

0.820

 

307.5

 

Sichuan Province

 

Chengdu

 

4.880

 

855.0

 

Guizhou Province

 

Guiyang

 

1.700

 

371.0

 

Yunnan Province

 

Kunming

 

3.940

 

419.2

 

Tibet Autonomous Region

 

Lhasa

 

12.200

 

25.6

 

Shaanxi Province

 

Xi'an

 

2.050

 

361.8

 

Gansu Province

 

Lanzhou

 

4.500

 

254.3

 

Qinghai Province

 

Xining

 

7.200

 

51.0

 

Ningxia Autonomous Region

 

Yinchuan

 

0.664

 

54.3

 

Xinjiang Autonomous Region

 

Urumqi

 

16.000

 

177.4

 

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

 

Hong Kong

 

0.01092

 

68.4 (in mid 1999)

 

Macao Special Administrative Region

 

Macao

 

0.00024

 

4.3

 

Taiwan Province

 

 

0.360

 

217.4 (at the end of 1997)

 


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